Counselling will provide you with the space and opportunity to explore your feelings, both past and present. I believe that gaining understanding and finding meaning is the first step in bringing about change.
There are a number of different approaches in counselling and not all will suit everyone. Below is a brief description of some of the more commonly available.
Integrative Counselling is when several distinct models of counselling and psychotherapy including person-centred counselling (see below) are used together in a converging way. There is a focus on relationships both in and outside of the therapy room whilst promoting healing and wholeness of both mind and body. Integrative counselling can be used to address a wide range of issues such as depression, anxiety, grief, trauma, relationship issues and addiction.
Psychotherapeutic counselling is a type of counselling that draws from theories and approaches used in psychotherapy. Its emphasis on the therapeutic relationship between the counsellor and the client differentiates it from some other types of counselling and it covers a range of approaches and methods. Psychotherapy can be short or long term. The number of sessions will depend on you, your therapist, the type of therapy and the depth and complexity of the issues you want to resolve. It is unusual for therapy to last for less than six sessions, and some types of therapy may last for two years or more.
Person Centred Counselling was devised by Carl Rogers and is also called ‘client centred’ or ‘Rogerian’ counselling. It is based on the assumption that the individual (client) seeking help with a problem he/she is experiencing, can enter into a relationship with another individual (the counsellor) who is sufficiently accepting and permissive to allow the client to freely express emotions and feelings. A person centred counsellor’s focus will be on what the client brings into the room on that particular day.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy combines cognitive (thinking) and behavioural techniques with a focus on the present. Clients are taught ways to change thoughts and expectations and relaxation and mindfulness techniques are used. It can be effective for stress related issues, phobias, obsessions, eating disorders and depression (at the same time as drug treatment).
Mindfulness aims to keep the focus of one's attention on the emotions, thoughts and bodily sensations occurring in the present moment normally by using meditation. It can either be used on its own or as part of a counselling session.